Profile of Tuensang
Tuensang town is located in the Northeastern state of Nagaland. The headquarters of the Tuensang district is located at Tuensang. It is named after the village situated close by it.
EstablishmentTuensang district was earlier made up of Tuensang, Mon, Longleng and Kiphire districts. After the British conquered India Tuensang tribal region remained unadministered. In 1902 the area was brought under the control of the British. It was called Tribal Area. The Governor General of India administered the area. In 1948 the Tuensang Administrative Circle was formed.
As per the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution the Tuensang division was placed in “Part B” category of tribal districts. It became a part of the Northeast Frontier Agency. In 1957 the area was merged with the Naga Hills District to form a new administrative unit under the Ministry of External Affairs.
The Tuensang district was founded in 1947 for the purpose of administering the erstwhile North eastern Frontier Agency comprising Tuensang, Mon, Longleng and Kiphire districts. This four districts combine together to form the present Eastern Nagaland.
GeographyTuensang is located at 26.28 ° N 94.83° E. The district covers an area of 4228 sq km.
The town of Tuensang is located at an elevation of 1371.60 metre above the sea level.Tuensang lies in the easternmost part of Nagaland. It is bordered by Myanmar all along the eastern side. The district has approximately 180 km of international border with Myanmar.
Tuensang shares its borders with Mon district to the north. It touches Assam on its north on a narrow strip between Mon on the east and Mokokchung in the west. On the south lies Phek district and on the west are Zunheboto and Mokokchung districts.
Tuensang is covered with hills, high ridges and deep gorges. The valleys of Tuensang are narrow.
DemographyAccording to 2001 India census Tuensang district has a total population 29,654. The population of male is 56 % and that of the female is 44.5 %. The average literacy of the district is 71 %. The literacy rate of male is 74 % and that of the female is 67 %
CommunityThe major tribes inhabiting Tuensang are Chang, Sangtam, Khiamniungan, Vimchunger, Phom, and Sumi. Each tribe here has its distinct tradition and culture. They celebrate their festivals in a distinctive and colorful way.
EconomyTuensang is one of the largest urban centres in Nagaland along with Dimapur, Kohima and Mokokchung. The Tuensang town is a nerve centre of the eastern part.
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